Had VA Compensation and Pension Exam For Increases (Migraines, PTSD, Foot Pain, And Knees) Not Sure If It Went Well

So I went on Friday. Saw two examiners. I didn’t have time to submit my Statements in Support of Claims (PTSD & knees) my wife and adult children filled out, but I had them read them while I was there.  I just uploaded them on Monday.

The first was a Nurse Practitioner.

  • She checked my feet and knees. I don’t know if this was the smartest idea, but I didn’t wear my AFO or knee brace initially because I wanted her to see how I walk and move unassisted.  I put it on after her examination and showed her how I’m still not stable on that leg no matter which apparatus I’m using.
    • I explained my quality of life at work sucked because there’s only one elevator, which means I walk twice as far to use it. I work upstairs and have almost fallen several times.
    • I also told her I was concerned because the last rater wrote I was doing good with my orthotic insoles when I 100 percent told him that I can’t use the Navy-issued insoles for regular shoes. My feet rating was decreased because of that. So I made it clear verbally that I was not getting better.
  • For the Migraines increase, I showed her my migraine tracker chart, and she barely looked at it. It shows that I missed over 100 hours of work last year due to migraines.

The second was the Psychiatrist.

  • She didn’t ask me much about anything my VA psychologist wrote in her nexus letter.
  • She skimmed over my buddy statements.
  • She asked me about six questions, pretty much (yes or no) 
    • when was my last fight
    • about my job
    • am I taking my medications
    • have I been arrested
    • about my work history
    • about my sleep
  • It lasted about 15 minutes.

So who knows what is going to happen? All I know is I left there without any confidence that the evidence nor my exams helped.

We’ll see.

Read the Full Thread

Missouri Approves Medical Marijuana – PTSD included among treatable disabilities

Medical Marijuana legalized in Missouri for PTSD. Time to start parting my hair in the middle and wearing those doper dark glasses. I don’t think we will actually see anything till 2020 maybe late 2019. All kidding aside there are several disabilities that a doctor can recommend it for including the following:
What conditions qualify?

Missouri Medical Marijuana Frequently Asked Questions

  • Cancer;
  • Epilepsy;
  • Glaucoma;
  • Intractable migraines unresponsive to other treatment;
  • A chronic medical condition that causes severe, persistent pain or persistent muscle spasms, including but not limited to those associated with multiple sclerosis, seizures, Parkinson’s disease, and Tourette’s syndrome;
  • Debilitating psychiatric disorders, including, but not limited to, post-traumatic stress disorder, if diagnosed by a state licensed psychiatrist;
  • A chronic medical condition that is normally treated with a prescription medication that could lead to physical or psychological dependence, when a physician determines that medical use of marijuana could be effective in treating that condition and would serve as a safer alternative to the prescription medication;
  • Any terminal illness; or
  • In the professional judgment of a physician, any other chronic, debilitating or other medical condition, including, but not limited to, hepatitis C, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, Huntington’s disease, autism, neuropathies, sickle cell anemia, agitation of Alzheimer’s disease, cachexia and wasting syndrome.

Veterans Suicide – An American Legion White Paper

Suicide prevention is a top priority of The American Legion.
Deeply concerned about the number of military veterans who take their own lives at rates higher than that of the general population, the nation’s largest organization of wartime veterans established a Suicide Prevention Program under the supervision of its TBI/PTSD standing committee, which reports to the national Veterans Affairs & Rehabilitation Commission.
The TBI/PTSD Committee reviews methods, programs and strategies that can be used to treat traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In order to reduce veteran suicide, this committee seeks to influence legislation and operational policies that can improve treatment and reduce suicide among veterans, regardless of their service eras.
This white paper report examines recent trends in veteran suicide and their potential causes and recommends steps to address this public health crisis.

Since 2001, the U.S. military has been actively engaged in combat operations on multiple continents in the Global War on Terror.More than 3 million Americans have served in Iraq or Afghanistan through the first 17 years of the war. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have become known as the “signature wounds” of the war, and in recent years, countless studies, articles and reports have documented an inordinately high suicide rate among those who have come home from the war, those of previous war eras and among active-duty personnel.

The American Legion is deeply concerned by the high suicide rate among service- members and veterans, which has increased substantially since 2001.1 The suicide rate among 18-24-year-old male Iraq and Afghanistan veterans is particularly troubling, having risen nearly fivefold to an all-time high of 124 per 100,000, 10 times the national average. A spike has also occurred in the suicide rate of 18-29-year-old female veterans, doubling from 5.7 per 100,000 to 11 per 100,000.2 These increases are startling when compared to rates of other demographics of veterans, whose suicide rates have stayed constant during the same time period.

Read the full report below:
[pdf-embedder url=”https://hadit.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/American-Legion-White-Paper-on-Veteran-Suicide-by-Jared-Keller.pdf” title=”American Legion White Paper on Veteran Suicide by Jared Keller”]

Your IME/IMO doc needs to supply VA with the information it needs, and not all non Veterans Affairs docs know the format for this…

Never lie, never exaggerate, just the facts.
1.  That the examiner “reviewed your records”.  Leaving this off can result in a denial.
2.  The IME examiner needs to be experienced and or trained in your issue.  That is, a PHD in History, can not make a valid opinion as to the cause of your hearing loss, for examplel.  Its best to have a CV of the doctor, showing his expetise in your issue.  Things like “Board certified audiologist” is very good.  Or, “Phd in Audiology awarded by MIT university” , etc.  For this evidence to be valid, the examiner is acting as an “expert witness” highly skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of your condition.
3.  The examiner needs to be very specific:  “The Veterans hearing loss is at least as likely as not due to excessive noise exposure in service”.  
It cannot be:  The Veterans hearing loss “may” have been caused by military service.  Don”t use the phrase, “could be caused by military service”  May, might, could be, could possibly be, are all “Deal breakers”.    The VA denies an IMO/IME with these words they call “speculative”.
4.  The examiner needs to explain “why” he reached such a conclusion.  Example:   The Veterans inability to dress himself is at least as likely as not due to xxx drug prescibed for treatment of his PTSD.  According to the PDR (Physicians desk reference) xxx drug has the side effect of dizziness, and memory loss, and this makes the Veteran unable to dress himself. etc etc.
5.  The examiner should so state his expertise:  Again, (the doc) is a “board certified” in the treatment of elderly, and graduated magna xxx Laude from Harvard University with a PHD in Audiology.  etc, etc.  The doc needs to establish that “his opinion” is probative as he is an “expert” in Audiology.
Broncovet
Read the complete thread

Special Monthly Compensation.

New to Hadit Forums Just a short topic on one of the widely talked about topics. Aid and Attendance and SMC, Special Monthly Compensation. I am at the point now of submitting my 2nd Aid and Attendance. My claim is approved for the loss of both lower extremities, with one SMC L award.


 
 

VA Clears The Air On Doctors Talking To Veterans About Marijuana Use

Do you trust the VA to discuss medical marijuana? Many veterans don’t, VA docs can’t prescribe, they can, it says, discuss how it might interact with other medications or how it might effect pain management or PTSD symptoms.
VA providers are still NOT permitted to refer veterans to state-approved medical marijuana programs, since the drug is illegal under federal law, with no accepted medical use.
So do you trust VA?
https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/01/09/576577596/va-clears-the-air-on-doctors-talking-to-veterans-about-marijuana-use
Related
https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/12/16/jeff-sessions-marijuana-216109

14 Questions: VA Disability Benefits Claims

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When a Veteran starts considering whether or not to file a VA Disability Claim, they tend to ask many questions. Over the last ten years, the following are the 14 most common basic questions I am asked about when it comes to filing Veterans Affairs Disability Claims. [Reprinted here with permission from Veterans Law Blog] 

1. What benefits do you get from a VA Disability claim?

You can get several major categories of VA benefits when you file a VA Disability claim. 

  • One category is the “Non-Service Connected Pension,” available to extremely low-income veterans with disabilities. 
  • Another category is education benefits. 
  • A third category is burial benefits. 
  • A fourth category is health care benefits. 
  • And the category that is the focus of this post – and the Veterans Law Blog – is disability compensation for diseases, conditions, and disabilities that originated in military service.

(Note that you do not need to show that military service CAUSED the disability – Congress long ago recognized that Veterans should get benefits even if a disease or disability that wasn’t caused BY service has its origins IN service.

  • When it comes to a VA Disability claim for service-connected disabilities, the primary benefit is financial. Once you prove to the VA that your current medical condition, disease, or disability is related to your military service, they will assign a percentage of disability to that condition – using a complicated table and formulas. That percentage of disability translates to a monthly dollar amount. 10% equals one amount….20%, another amount, and so on and so forth.
  • You can look at the current VA Disability claim compensation amounts by clicking here (assuming the Department of Veterans Affairs hasn’t restructured their website, as they commonly do when it gets a little too easy to navigate).
  • In addition to the basic rates of compensation mentioned above, you can get additional compensation for different scenarios you raise in your VA Disability claim. 

Here are just a few:

2. How do I file a VA Disability claim?

It used to be that you could file a VA Disability claim for a service-connected condition, disease, or disability just by writing your claim on a piece of paper – a famous anecdote that floats around the Veterans’ community is the Veteran who wrote his claim on a square of toilet paper while in prison.

This is no longer the case: filing a VA Disability claim has become increasingly complicated, like many other things in this world.

Generally, filing a VA Disability claim requires a series of actions:

Step 1: Filing Phase

You can first file an informal claim for benefits using the required Veterans Affairs Form. If you formalize your claim within one year of that informal claim, the Veterans Affairs treats your informal claim as a formal claim. (You can see where this is headed. One of the things that the Veterans Law Blog works really hard to do is to show you a way to cut through all of this fog and file a VA disability claim that is more likely to get granted, award you the proper benefits, and do so in the shortest time possible.) The rules and steps get goofier and goofier as we go through the steps.

Step 2: Development Phase

You can let the Veterans Affairs develop the evidence to support your claim – officially; they have a Duty to Assist the Veteran in developing certain claims in limited situations. Or, you can be more proactive and develop your OWN claim, filing what is called a “Fully Developed Claim” for VA Benefits. Theoretically, these claims are supposed to be decided more quickly, and for the most part, they are. But by developing your own claim and using the knowledge, information, and tools I share on the Veterans Law Blog, you can set your claim up for more thorough decisions, more proper decisions, quicker decisions, and worst case scenario, if you have to appeal, a better chance at winning your claim on appeal.

Step 3: The Decision Phase

Veterans Affairs will decideC&P (Compensation & Pension) Examinermedical doctor that will decide if your diagnosed conditionhow bad your condition is, percentage-wise
denial or a grant of benefits

4 Pillars of a VA Claim:

  1. Pillar 1: Are you eligible to file a VA Disability claim for compensation benefits
  2. Pillar 2: is the medical condition – or conditions – in your VA Disability claim related to your military service? (This pillar is often called the “service connection” or “nexus” element of your VA Disability claim)
  3. Pillar 3: To what degree does your disability impair your ability to seek and hold work or engage in average daily living activities? I call this pillar the “Impairment Rating.”
  4. Pillar 4: What effective date are you entitled to (it is the effective date that governs how far back in the past your benefits will be retroactive). Some Veterans call this “back-pay” or “past-due benefits,” depending on how long you have been battling the VA. They can often go back decades. A colleague of mine just won a case for a Veteran with service connection granted all the way back to the 1950s, for example.

Step 4: The Administrative Appeal Phase

If you are not satisfied with the VA’s decision in step 3, you can appeal. The first step in the administrative appeal is optional: you can seek a review of your VA Disability Claim by a DRO (Decision Review Officer), or you can “perfect your appeal” by filing several forms in a particular sequence and on a specific timeline. You can get a review by a Veterans Law Judge (VLJ) at the BVA (Board of Veterans Appeals).

  1. You can have that review in an in-person hearing in DC, a video conference hearing from a VA facility near you, or submit a “brief” with “exhibits” and have the VLJ review your claim “on the record” before it.
        1. Deny your appeal (also known as affirming the VA Denial of your VA Disability claim);
        2. Grant your appeal (also known as reversing the VA Denial of your VA Disability claim).

Step 5: The Court Appeal Phase

Step 6: Judicial Review phase

Suppose you are not satisfied with your CAVC Decision. In that case, you have a limited opportunity for judicial review at the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals (Fed Circuit) and then the Supreme Court of the United States. The Fed Circuit only has the ability to decide PURE questions of law… I’d be willing to bet that 80-90% of Fed Circuit decisions in Board cases are “Rule 36’s”….decisions without a written opinion, typically because the Court does not have jurisdiction over the appeal.

Getting review at the Supreme Court is much harder, and appeals to both courts can be costly filing fees alone at the Federal Circuit cost $500, and the cost of copying and filing the brief and the record of proceedings below costs between $2,000 and $5,000. Hence, attorneys and Veterans tend to be more conservative about appeals to these courts.

3. When do I file a VA Disability Claim?

Ideally, you want to file your VA disability claim within the first year after leaving service. (Learn about the one VA Program I like – the Benefits at Discharge Delivery, or BDD, Program)

However, most conditions do not get diagnosed for years or decades after service. In those cases, if you are filing an original VA Disability claim (i.e., for the first time), you should file at least the informal claim mentioned above as soon as you suspect your condition is related to military service.

This protects the earliest possible effective date for your VA Disability benefits.

If you are filing a claim for increased compensation, you want to file the claim for increased rating as soon as you believe your condition is worsening.

4. Where do I file a VA Disability claim?

Technically, your VA Disability claim is filed with the VA Regional Office for your geographic area.

However, you can file your VA Disability claim online through the eBenefits portal for Veterans, or, if you want to be sure that you create a paper trail for your claim to make sure the VA does not lose it, you can file it by sending it to the Evidence Intake Center (also known as the VA’s EIC in Janesville, Wisconsin).

5. Who Can Help Me with a VA Disability Claim?

Anyone that you trust can help you with a VA Disability claim.

However, nobody can charge you a fee for filing your VA Disability claim – attorneys and accredited agents are only allowed to charge a fee for filing or helping you in your VA Disability claim after the VA has denied the claim.

So, while an illegal immigrant can hire an attorney to fight deportation whenever they can afford it, Veterans who served our country in uniform are not legally allowed to pay for an attorney or experienced professional accredited agent’s help until the VA denies them a benefit.

While a criminal charged with a crime has a constitutional right to an attorney, veterans who fought and bled to preserve the Constitution are prohibited from exercising their right to hire and pay an attorney or experienced professional until the VA screws them over first.

Some national organizations, like the Disabled American Veterans (DAV), Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW), and the American Legion (Legion or AL), have what are called “Veteran’s service representatives” or VSOs that volunteer to help with filing initial claims. The quality of work or help you get varies widely, and I’ve seen both extremes: VSOs that do amazing work for free and VSOs that pull the rug out from under their “client” or “member.

Organizations like the Paralyzed Veterans Association (PVA) and the Vietnam Veterans of America (VVA) get consistently high marks for the work they do for their members.

6. How Long Does a VA Disability Claim Take?

The amount of time that it takes for the VA to decide on a VA Disability claim can vary greatly and depends on a lot of variables: how difficult your claim is, how many conditions you include in the VA Disability claim, how well your claim is prepared, whether your claim is a Fully Developed Claim or not, how big your VA Regional Office is, etc.

Here are some general rules:

  • If you click here, the VA says that time is 114 days (ish) for a Fully Developed Claim and 121 days (ish) for a non-FDC claim. In 10 years of representing hundreds of Veterans and talking with tens of thousands more, I’ve never met a Veteran that got a decision in 125 or fewer days. I’ve met a couple that had a decision within 3-6 months. Most Veterans should plan on the process taking about 12-18 months, from file to decision. And that’s not counting the appeals.
  • If you are bored or like looking at small numbers on mind-numbingly complicated spreadsheets, click here to see how long claims are currently taking in your geographic region. These spreadsheets are consistent with everything the VA does….hard to understand, loaded with jargon, and obvious number juggling to hide problems in the system. Pour a scotch or glass of wine.
  • Claims for VA disability benefits that are filed with smaller urban and rural VA Regional Offices are faster than VA Disability claims filed with larger metropolitan VA Regional Offices.
  • Once you file an appeal, it can take 3-10 years to get a decision, depending on variables that are too numerous to list here.
  • Veterans can speed up the timeframe by filing well-developed and well-documented Fully Developed Claims, as we teach here on the Veterans Law Blog.

7. How Do I Check the Status of My VA Disability Claim?

That, right there, is the million-dollar question.

The VA will tell you to call their VA toll-free number 1-800-827-1000 to get the status. Veterans that use this approach find that they can enjoy their favorite hobby while waiting to talk to someone at the VA: some Veterans relax and enjoy 2-3 hours of hold “muzak,” others read the week’s newspapers or a few magazines, and others have actually written a book while waiting on hold. If you are among the patient and lucky few that get through to a human being on the 1-800 line, here are some tips and pointers on how to get more value and information out of the call.

The VA also suggests that you check your status on eBenefits. Be forewarned, though – eBenefits is a glitchy and inaccurate tool. For example, if you log into my eBenefits account, it shows that the VA held a hearing on my VA Disability Claim 2 years before I filed it. That’s a true story, folks. Now that is efficiency – maybe the VA will start a new pilot program: the pre-claim denial process.

Be careful what you see on eBenefits it’s not always your claim status, it’s not always accurate, and it’s rarely up to date.

8. How Are Benefits in a VA Disability Claim Calculated?

I wish I could tell you that the VA simply added up your disability ratings from individual conditions to reach your total disability rating and paid you according to that rating.

But the VA doesn’t do it that way. They use a unique “VA Math” system to “combine” your individual disability ratings into a total. Then they award a monthly compensation amount corresponding to the resulting total impairment rating.

You can read more about impairment ratings here – Veterans have much more control over these ratings than they have been led to believe. I teach Veterans how to improve or maximize their ratings for a TON of conditions – knee/arthritissleep apneaPTSDTinnitusHearing LossFibromyalgia and Chronic FatigueGulf WarMigrainesDiabetesParkinson’s Disease, and many more!

In my 5+ hour video training course, “How to Prove the 4 Pillars of a VA Claim “, I teach Veterans how to prove the 4 Pillars of a VA Claim, including a lot of specific ways to prove the degree of disability you experience and get the highest rating possible.

9. Are VA Disability Benefits Retroactive?

Yes, they are. The question is, “how far do they go back”?

There is a whole set of rules that helps the VA decide how far back in time to go to pay retroactive benefits. These rules are called the effective date rules, and there are hundreds of them.

There are a few general guidelines; it’s not all the rules for every type of VA Disability Claim effective date, but it should give you an idea of how much you have NOT been told about VA disability benefits over the years.

  • In most VA disability claims, the effective date will be the LATER of the date you filed your claim and the date the entitlement arose. Click here to learn more about what that means.
  • If you file your VA disability claim within one year of leaving service, your effective date will typically be your date of separation from military service.
  • Claims for Increased compensation rates follow the general effective date rule, except that if you can show that the worsening of your condition started to occur BEFORE you filed your claim, you can get up to 1 year earlier.
  • In some cases, if the law changes while you are trying to prove a claim or after you’ve been denied a claim, and your claim is granted pursuant to that change in the law, that makes it easier for you to win (in other words, the change in the law is a “claim liberalizing rule”) you may be able to get up to 1 year prior to the date of your claim as your effective date.
  • Suppose you reopen a previously denied claim by submitting New and Material Evidence, and you win the reopened VA Disability claim based on military records, military service records, or military medical records that were previously unavailable to the VA or that the VA neglected to get in the prior claim. In that case, you can use the effective date rule in 38 CFR 3.156(c) to get an effective date of your original VA Disability claim date.
  • Suppose you submit New and Material evidence within one year of the date your rating decision denied your VA Disability claim. In that case, your claim is “open and pending” until the VA issues a new ratings decision. If your benefits are granted based on that new and material evidence, your effective date could be the original date of your claim. This is a dangerous path to take, though, because if the VA denies your claim because the evidence wasn’t New and Material, then you may have lost your original effective date if you did not file an appeal within that same year after the VA Ratings Decision.
  • If you are a “Nehmer Class Member,” meaning a veteran exposed to dioxin (aka, Agent Orange in Thailand, Vietnam, Korea, or other places), a whole set of effective date rules apply due to the VA’s settlement of a class action lawsuit in the 1980s. These are called the “Nehmer Rules,” and they can get pretty complicated pretty quick.
  • A survivor who files a claim for survivor benefits (DICservice connection of the cause of death and substitution, for example) will get survivor benefits retroactive to the date of the Veteran’s death if they filed their VA Form 21-534 within one (1) year of the Veteran’s death. If they file the claim for accrued benefits within that year, they may be able to get retroactive benefits paid to the date of any VA Disability claim or appeal pending on the date of the Veteran’s death.

10. Are VA Disability benefits permanent?

I’ll answer this question along with #11.

11. Are VA Disability Benefits Permanent?

Generally speaking, they can be.

If a medical condition substantially improves, the VA can propose to reduce your disability compensation benefits to different levels. The rules that they have to follow to do this can differ depending on certain factors, but here are a few considerations; you can click here to learn more about how the VA tries to pick Veterans’ pockets by reducing benefits and get an idea how to stop it.

  • The VA can only reduce “continuous ratings” (those that have been in effect for 20 years or more) after showing that they were awarded based on actual fraud by the Veteran.
  • There are three types of ratings in VA Disability claims that are considered “protected” ratings, which the VA cannot reduce without showing first a “substantial improvement” in your medical condition.
  • Suppose a VA Disability rating is considered “unprotected.” In that case, the VA can reduce it, but they have to send you notice of their intent to respond, give you an opportunity to respond and submit evidence and, if you request it, provide a hearing. The timelines on this type of reduction are pretty friendly to the VA and pretty hard for the person filing the VA Disability claim to understand, no less follow, so be ready to move quickly and do plenty of legwork to understand what is happening and how to stop it.
  • If you are incarcerated for more than 60 days, on the 61st day, the VA can reduce your VA Disability compensation to no less than 10% and must reinstate it after your release from jail. Click here to learn more about each time of rating and how long they stay in effect.

12. Are VA Disability Benefits Subject to Child Support?

Yes.

In every state I am aware of, VA Disability benefits are considered income for calculating child support.

Child support laws differ in each state, so there may be nuances from state to state how much is subject to child support, particularly when military retirement payments offset a portion of your VA Disability benefits. The best thing to do is get out ahead of this situation by talking to a local family law attorney and making sure you do right by your kids, state law, and federal law.

If you need a referral to a family law attorney in Texas or Arkansas, fill out a support ticket. I know a lot of family law attorneys in both states and may be able to give you a couple of referrals.

13. Are Benefits From My VA Disability Compensation Claim Taxable?

Nope.

At least not under Federal law. Amounts paid to Veterans or their families for education, training, subsistence allowances, clothing allowances, disability compensation, and/or pension payments are not taxable by the Feds.

As to whether these benefits are taxable at the State level, consult your state’s income tax agency, as the answer will vary state by state.

14. What Conditions Are Most Common in a VA Disability Claim?

The VA actually publishes a report of the conditions it service connects, the average ratings for each, and more. Click here to check out the report.

If you don’t have the stomach to read MORE VA propaganda – and honestly, who can blame you – here are the Top 10 conditions that the VA reports as being part of most original VA Disability Claims ((click on the links to see information published on the Veterans Law Blog about these conditions common to VA Disability claims)

Here are some other conditions that I see very frequently in many a VA Disability Claim (click on the links to see information published on the Veterans Law Blog about these conditions common to VA Disability claims)

Most Common VA Disabilities Claimed for Compensation:   

tinnitus-005.pngptsd-005.pnglumbosacral-005.pngscars-005.pnglimitation-flexion-knee-005.pngdiabetes-005.pnglimitation-motion-ankle-005.pngparalysis-005.pngdegenerative-arthitis-spine-005.pngtbi-traumatic-brain-injury-005.png

VA Asking Veterans to Return Benefit ‘Overpayments’

[no_toc]Keeping the bills paid, the kids feed and a thousand other things you have to worry about each month, the last thing you need is for your income to disappear and then be saddled by a huge debt. If VA overpaid you they have every right to inform you and work out a repayment plan, but they should not have the right to put a family in a desperate situation because of their errors.
In the story below Daniel faces a huge burden because the Veterans Affairs sent a letter informing him of the overpayment to an address he lived at 35 years ago, he never got that letter, but he did get the demand for repayment.

“The VA’s debt management center sent Daniel a letter in 2016 stating it paid him $18,000 more than what he was “entitled to receive.” “Once I retired, I still had children and a wife, and in 2006 they said you didn’t have them anymore, according to their records,” he said. The Veterans Affairs told Daniel he never updated nor returned a dependent verification form sent to him. “They said they sent it,” he said. “I never received it, never.” When Daniel called the Veterans Affairs to question the debt, he found out the Veterans Affairs sent the dependent verification form to an address he lived at 35 years ago.”
https://www.nbcwashington.com/news/local/Veterans-Affairs-Asking-Veterans-to-Return-Benefit-Overpayments-463782433.html
More on VA overpayments on our VA disability claims forums. 

Repayment Of Overpayment By Va Due To Va’s Mistake – Veterans …

https://community.hadit.com › … › Eligibility – Veterans Compensation Benefit Claims

Jul 31, 2014 – If the VA prevails in the reduction, it appears the error made by the VA has resulted in the overpayment of thousands of dollars to the veteran. No mention of fraud by the beneficiary in this case. QUESTION: In a situation where the VA determines it has overpaid disability compensation to a veteran as a result …

tdiu Overpayment Of $6k – Veterans Compensation Benefits Claims

community.hadit.com › … › Veterans Compensation Benefits Claims Research

Sep 21, 2007 – Terry Higgins said back on July 18, 2006. “Dear veterans & Friends. I had a VA overpayment of over thousand dollars. I went to the VBM and photo copy the letter with the regulatons that say if an overpayment occures by the VA and its not the vets fault. The VA eats it. I did not have to pay. Terry Higgins.”.

ptsd Back Pay Confusion Possible Over Payment. – Veterans …

https://community.hadit.com/topic/61912-back-pay-confusion-possible-over-payment/

I just received my back pay for my disability claim, but I have not received my official decision letter yet. According to ebenefits I recieved 70% disability for my PTSD. The amount I received in back pay was much higher than 70% would have given me. It is the amount that 100% would have given me. I read that it might be …

Overpayment due to VA oversight and waiver – Veterans …

https://community.hadit.com › … › CUE Clear and Unmistakable Error

Nov 6, 2015 – Could I possibly get a waiver due to the VA not processing the request to remove my daughter and me advising them that I was being overpaid and them paying her for additional months of school despite her asking to not start her pay until August 2014? Does anyone have a sample hardship letter? Please …

Is There A Statue Of Limitations On Debt To Va? – Veterans …

https://community.hadit.com › … › Eligibility – Veterans Compensation Benefit Claims

Aug 2, 2011 – The VA is attesting that I was overpaid for my dependents because they never received notification of my divorce. At one time, I did have documentation of the package that I sent to the VA showing that my wife and I divorced, but I no longer have this. I had the postage receipt which of course, probably …

Suspected Overpay Or Pay Error – Veterans Compensation Benefits …

https://community.hadit.com › … › Veterans Compensation Benefits Claims Research

Sep 7, 2011 – MY question then is this: does ANYONE know how to contact the VA by telephone and either. question the provenance of an electronic deposit or alternatively report an overpayment so that. it can be returned to the proper authority/department? I very much appreciate your patience and indulgence with this …

Va Debt Collection – Veterans Compensation Benefits Claims

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May 22, 2013 – The letter stated I recently received a letter explaining why (I never got any letter), and there has been a change in my benefits thus resulting in an overpayment. I called the VA Collection center to find out why. The have no record of a reason why, they just collect money, I called the 800-827-1000 number, …

Will The Va Notify Me If I Was Overpaid On My Pension? – Veterans …

https://community.hadit.com › Specialized Claims › VA Pensions

May 25, 2010 – I am concerned here though-as to why you fear an overpayment on your pension ? I see you get 10%-do you mean you get 10% VA compensation? Or do you mean you are 10% service connected but the pension is the greater amount so you receive the pension? Is it possible that the 10% is way too low?

ptsd Help Me Understand This Letter About … – HadIt.com Veterans

https://community.hadit.com/…/53950-help-me-understand-this-letter-about-recoupm…

Nov 22, 2013 – That could impact on what I stated above,but in any event I interpret that statement in your letter as so similar to my case that I do believe VA must stop the recoupment and possibly award you retro due to overpayment of the recoupment, since they awarded SC at 100%. Hopefully others will chime in …

A Veteran Wonders: How Will My PTSD Affect My Kids?

Brooke King writes an insightful article on the The Atlantic having kids and PTSD. I was never blessed with children of my own but I have had my nieces and nephews live with me on and off for years from the time they were little. Brooke talks about special rules in their family like “We don’t scare Mommy”, and “We don’t play hide-and-seek” I can relate we had our rules “Don’t scare Aunt T”, “Don’t sneak up on Aunt T” To this day they remember, the kids, now adults, are still careful about not startling me. I could relate to many things in the article and you may too!

From the article: 
‘The other day, my son Bowen came into our bedroom while I was laying on the bed with my back to the door and jumped on me, shouting, “Hey Mom!” I reacted immediately, spinning around and grabbing him by his shoulder. I firmly told him to never do that again, and he asked me why. I calmly said, “Remember where Mommy was a long time ago?”
“Is this an Army thing?” he asked. “Yes,” I said. “You cannot sneak up on me like that. I get really scared because someone used to sneak up on me like that in Iraq.” He gave me a hug, kissed me, and quietly said into my ear, “Okay, Mommy, I won’t try to scare you again.”

A Veteran Wonders: How Will My PTSD Affect My Kids?

Bowen screamed, “You’re dead.” The boys were in the backyard. I had consented to let them play with their Nerf guns. Bowen was chasing Zachary. The bullets whizzed out in automatic fire. Bowen’s finger was mashed down on the trigger. Zachary was running frantically side to side trying to dodge the foam bullets.

List By Symptom – VA Disability Compensation

In March 2020 the VA removed the DBQ’s from their website. NVLSP.org has made them available to the public here
See above, the links below currently are broken, since the VA removed the DBQ’s
Disability Benefits Questionnaire (DBQ) Veterans now have more control over the disability claims process. Veterans have the option of visiting a private health care provider instead of a VA facility to complete their disability evaluation form.
Veterans can have their providers fill out any of the more than 70 DBQs that are appropriate for their conditions and submit them to us. It’s that easy!
Source: www.benefits.va.gov
Current as of 09/05/207 Check here for the latest Disability Benefits Questionnaire (DBQ) 

Cardiovascular

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of varicose veins, arterial diseases, producing swelling, claudication of legs, or pain on walking, skin/nail changes Artery and Vein Conditions (Vascular Diseases including varicose veins)
Evaluation of high blood pressure (BP): how to determine significance of BP readings or BP reading abnormalities. Hypertension
Conditions including: heart attack (MI), irregular rhythm, heart murmurs and heart surgery. Heart Conditions (Including IHD, Non-IHD, Arrhythmias Valvular Disease and Cardiac Surgery)

Dental and Oral

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of all dental and oral conditions, except TMJ Conditions. Dental and Oral Conditions
Evaluation of conditions affecting the TMJ joint with pain in the jaw when biting and clicks and sounds in the jaw. Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Conditions

Dermatological

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation for infectious and non-infectious diseases of the skin: how to evaluate rashes, spots, athlete’s foot, sweating, and acne skin lesions. Skin Diseases
Evaluation of palpable or disfiguring scars, producing distortion or asymmetry. Scars and Disfigurement

Ear, Nose, and Throat

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of various conditions of the ear including: infections, dizziness, vertigo, acoustic tumors and other conditions with ringing in the ears (tinnitus). Ear Condition (including: Vestibular and Infectious Conditions)
Evaluation of Anosmia (inability to detect any odor), Hyposmia (reduced ability to detect odors), Ageusia (complete lack of taste), Hypogeusia (decrease in sense of taste) and other conditions affecting the sense of smell and taste. Loss of Sense of Smell and/or Taste
Evaluation of conditions affecting, the sinuses, nose, throat, larynx, and pharynx, including, but not limited to deviated nasal septum and organic aphonia, vocal chord problems. Sinusitis, Rhinitis, and other Conditions of the Nose, Throat, Larynx, and Pharynx

Endocrinological

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of DM Type I or II, with alteration of blood sugar regulation, abnormal Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT), requiring medication or hospitalization or complications. Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
Evaluation of conditions affecting the hormone glands, including, but not limited to Cushing’s syndrome, Acromegaly, and Addison’s Disease. Endocrine Diseases (other than Thyroid and Parathyroid, or Diabetes Mellitus)
Evaluation of conditions affecting the functions regulated by the thyroid and parathyroid glands, including, but not limited to growth and metabolism. Thyroid and Parathyroid Conditions

Gastrointestinal

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of conditions affecting the esophagus such as stricture, spasm, or other conditions with lump in throat or chest, pain on swallowing, or regurgitation. Esophageal Conditions (including GERD, Hiatal Hernia, and Other Esophageal Disorders)
Evaluation of gallbladder disease, with inflammation, gallstones, pain after eating fatty food, or pancreatic conditions including pancreatitis that manifests as severe recurrent abdominal pain. Gallbladder and Pancreas Conditions
Evaluation of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) (chronic recurrent diarrhea or constipation). Ulcerative colitis (chronic inflammatory bowel condition leading to erosions and bleeding) and other conditions with Bloody stools, fistulas, and/or abscess. Intestinal Conditions (other than surgical or infectious) including Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Crohn’s Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, and Diverticulits
Evaluation of hepatitis (which refers to a variety of inflammatory and infectious conditions) and Cirrhosis (chronic liver disease resulting from liver injury leading to degeneration of the liver)and other conditions characterized by jaundice, ascitis, fluid retention. Hepatitis, Cirrhosis and Other Liver Conditions
Evaluation of peritoneal adhesions, which are scars of the visceral lining of the abdominal structures that produces episodes of partial or complete bowel obstruction. Peritoneal Adhesions
Evaluation of stomach and duodenum conditions such as peptic ulcer disease, recurrent pain relieved by antacids, bloody stools, nausea or vomiting, indigestion. Stomach and Duodenum Conditions (not including GERD or Esophageal Disorders)
Evaluation of Amebiasis, dysentery, and various types of intestinal parasites with recurrent diarrhea, alteration in stool consistency or foul smell. Infectious Intestinal Disorders, including Bacterial and Parasitic Infections
Evaluation of removal of portions of the intestine and reconstruction and diversion of the intestinal tract: bowel diversion that requires use of external bags to collect stool. Intestinal Surgery (Bowel Resection, Colostomy, and Ileostomy)

Genitourinary

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of renal diseases including Nephritis, renal insufficiency, and other diseases of the kidney: kidney failure, abnormal kidney function tests, protein in the urine, edema, kidney stones. Kidney Conditions (Nephrology)
Evaluation of diseases of the urethra, penis, testes, and scrotum, producing pain on urination, swelling, blood in urine or incontinence. Male Reproductive Organ Conditions
Evaluation of malignant lesions of the prostate gland with frequent diurnal or nocturnal urination. Prostate Cancer
Evaluation of conditions affecting the bladder and urethra, including, but not limited to voiding dysfunctions and infections. Urinary Tract (Bladder and Urethra)

Gynecological

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of inflammatory neoplastic and cystic lesions of the breast: Breast mass or lumps. Breast Conditions and Disorders
Evaluation of diseases of the female genital tract including: uterus, vagina, cervix, ovaries, endometriosis, complications of pregnancy, and other conditions. Gynecological Conditions

Hematologic and Lymphatic

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of conditions of red and white blood cells, producing anemias, leukemias on tumors such as lymphomas. Hematologic and Lymphatic Conditions

Infectious Diseases

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of conditions associated with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and its treatment. HIV-Related Illnesses
Evaluation of infectious diseases not specifically-associated with either HIV or military service in a tropical area, the Persian Gulf, or Afghanistan. Infectious Diseases
Evaluation of infectious diseases associated with military service in tropical areas with exposure to salmonella, shigella, etc. producing symptoms such as chronic diarrhea. Persian Gulf and Afghanistan Infectious Diseases
Evaluation of conditions in which the immune system begins attacking healthy body tissues, including, but not limited to, Goodpasture’s syndrome and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Systemic Lupus Erthematosus (SLE) and Other Autoimmune Diseases
Evaluation of pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis symptoms. Tuberculosis (TB)
For use in evaluation of vitamin deficiencies (Beriberi, Pellagra, syndromes of dermatitis, diarrhea dementia in POW, post-GI surgery, bypass procedures, undernutrition and malabsorption.) Nutritional Deficiencies

Musculoskeletal

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of extremity, limb or digit (complete or partial amputation), and complications. Evaluation of stumps. Amputations
Evaluation of ankle pain, persistent deformity (ankylosis), ankle injuries, reduction of movement, and use of assistive device. Ankle Conditions
Evaluation for non-degenerative arthritic conditions such as Gout and Rheumatoid Arthritis: recurrent painful and swollen joints. Non-degenerative Arthritis (including Inflammatory, Autoimmune, Crystalline, and Infectious Arthritis) and Dysbaric Osteonecrosis
Evaluation of injuries, deformities, loss of elbow and forearm producing motion limitation. Elbow and Forearm Conditions
Evaluation of reduction or loss of toe function and motion, and alteration in mobility. Foot conditions including flatfoot (pes planus)
Evaluation of alteration in motion of the wrists or digits due to tendon or muscle injuries, and alteration in motion and function of the hand including ankylosis, trigger finger, loss of finger movement. Hand and Finger Conditions
Evaluation of alteration in extension and flexion, poor postural and body support, and alteration of rotation of the hip. Hip and Thigh Conditions
Evaluation of ankylosis of the knee, subluxation of the knee, knee instability, meniscus lesions, and functional limitations knee cartilage problems, locked knee. Knee and Lower Leg Conditions
Evaluation of traumatic and other injuries resulting in loss or alteration of function, location, type, tears, and weakness: torn scarred muscles. Muscle Injuries
Evaluation of bone infections producing fever, local alteration of function, residuals from a bone infection with persistent drainage or bone alteration Osteomyelitis
Evaluation of arm limitation of function, dislocation, alteration in joint function, incomplete movements, deformity, dislocation, nonunion, and fracture complications : frozen shoulder. Shoulder and Arm Conditions
Evaluation of arthritis and neck deformities. Neck (Cervical Spine) Conditions
Evaluation of unfavorable or incomplete wrist motion due to ankylosis (limitation in range), painful or other alteration in function, resulting from traumatic or other injury complications, joint replacement. Wrist Conditions
Evaluation of chronic low back pain, arthritis and back injuries, spinal conditions or disc disease: low back pain with sciatica. Back (Thoracolumbar Spine) Conditions

Neurological

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of progressive degenerative disease of the brain and spinal cord with progressive muscle weakness and wasting, speech, swallowing and breathing problems. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s Disease)
Evaluation of alteration of the function of the nerves (motor and sensory), related to Diabetes Mellitus: weakness, numbness, tingling of legs and arms related to diabetes. Diabetic Sensory-Motor Peripheral Neuropathy
Evaluation of numerous other neurologic conditions such as: meningitis, HIV, brain abscess, Lyme Disease, encephalitis, stroke, brain tumor, and spinal cord injury. Central Nervous System and Neuromuscular Diseases (except TBI, ALS, Parkinson’s Disease, MS, Headaches, TMJ, Epilepsy, Narcolepsy, Peripheral Nerves, Sleep Apnea, Cranial Nerves, Fibromyalgia, and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome)
Evaluation of conditions affecting the following nerves in the Cranium: V (trigeminal, VII (facial), IX (glossopharyngeal), X (vagus), XI (spinal accessory), and XII (hypoglossal). (Conditions affecting cranial nerves I (olfactory), II (optic), III (oculomotor), IV (trochlear), VI(abducens), and VIII (vestibulocochlear (auditory)) are addressed in other DBQs.) Cranial Nerve Conditions
Evaluation of recurrent episodes of head pain producing work limitation or incapacitation: with other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, tearing etc. Headaches (including Migraine Headaches)
Evaluation of fibromyalgia components, including, but not limited to sleep problems, muscle and joint pain, and altered affect. Fibromyalgia
Evaluation of disorders of the myelin sheath of the central nervous systems producing recurrent alterations of neurological function: such as weakness, numbness, urine incontinence, visual symptoms. Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Evaluation of symptoms that may include tremors, or trembling in hands, arms, legs, jaw, and face; rigidity, or stiffness of the limbs and trunk; bradykinesia, or slowness of movement; and postural instability, or impaired balance and coordination. Other symptoms may include depression and other emotional changes; difficulty in swallowing, chewing, and speaking; urinary problems or constipation; skin problems; and sleep disruptions. Parkinson’s Disease
Evaluation of narcolepsy components, including, but not limited to, sleep attacks, sleepiness, paralysis, and cataplexy. Narcolepsy
Evaluation of alteration of the function of Nerves associated with metabolic disorders, exposure to toxins, infections, immunological disorders, or inflammation and other conditions. Peripheral Nerve Conditions (not including Diabetes Sensory-Motor peripheral Neuropathy)
Evaluation of seizure conditions including epilepsy. Seizure Disorders

Ophthalmological

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of various diseases of the eye, such as inflammation, infection, glaucoma, deformities, alteration of tear ducts, cataracts, retina disease, and other conditions. Eye Conditions

Psychological

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation for anorexia, bulimia, and other eating disorders. Eating Disorders
Evaluation of symptoms, history, and impact related to mental disorders: depression, mood and affective disorders, psychosis, etc. Mental Disorders (other than PTSD)
Evaluation of beginning and extent of symptoms (acute – length of symptoms is usually less than 3 months, chronic – symptoms usually last 3 months or more, with delayed onset – usually at least 6 months have passed between the traumatic experience and the beginning of symptoms). Symptoms may include: recurrent experiences of a traumatic event, avoiding an excitant or irritant associated with the trauma, deadening of general responsiveness, increased arousal, including insomnia, recurrent nightmares, and extreme caution; exhibiting an inflated frightened response; and experiencing changes in hostility.. Review Evaluation of PTSD

Respiratory

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of the respiratory system except Sleep Apnea and Tuberculosis. Respiratory Conditions (other than TB and Sleep Apnea)
Evaluation of disorder characterized by cessation of breathing during sleep and provides information necessary to determine functional impact (sleep apnea, snoring) daytime complications. Sleep Apnea

Rheumatological Diseases

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Components including but not limited to tiredness, loss of memory or concentration and enlarged lymph nodes. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

General Surgical

Conditions – Symptoms Form Name
Evaluation of conditions involving internal organs bulging through the muscle, except hiatal hernia. Hernias (including Abdominal, Inguinal, and Femoral Hernias)
Evaluation of rectum and anus conditions causing alteration of sphincter control, stricture of prolapse, fistula, and other symptoms. Bowel incontinence or severe constipation blood in stools. Rectum and Anus Conditions (including Hemorrhoids)

Further Reading:

ptsd Please review my C&P Sleep Apnea DBQ – Veterans …

https://community.hadit.com › … › Veterans Compensation & Pension Exams

 

Mar 27, 2017 – Posted March 27, 2017. Hello guys, please let me know what you think about my Sleep Apnea DBQ, hopefully this is enough to get my service connected? 30% or 50%?. Sleep Apnea Disability Benefits Questionnaire. Is this DBQ being completed in conjunction with a VA 21-2507, C&P Examination. Request? [X] Yes [ ] No.

How Long Does A Gulf War Illness C&p Exam Take? – Veterans …

https://community.hadit.com › … › Veterans Compensation & Pension Exams

 

3 days ago – Depends on what you are claiming. If you are claiming a multitude injuries/ symptoms/benefits then it could take that long. What will happen in the exam: The doctor/nurse/pa, etc. will have your claimed disabilities and will exam/question you for for each one according to the DBQ(Disability Questionnaire) for the particular …

DBQ Chronic Adjustment disorder – Veterans Compensation Benefits …

https://community.hadit.com › … › Veterans Compensation & Pension Exams

 

Jun 1, 2017 – Well not to sure how this will pan out any ideas? Will they finally seperate my PTSD/ AD from my TBI maybe maybe not ones getting a call to the complaint line if not? I was just found Permanent and total two days ago with this claim still pending I’m still awaiting the award letter. I’m hoping this won’t hurt my PT due that I …

Michigander – Veterans Compensation Benefits Claims – Hadit.com

https://community.hadit.com/profile/24501-michigander/

 

Nov 19, 2017 – $400 that she recommended she knew and for me to go to and have a DBQ filled out to file my claim. I chose to ignore that advice and began reading up and asking questions on the Hadit site. With the help on Hadit and on the podcast I was able to educate myself and file my claim even as a FDC (Fully Developed Claim).

Is it me or is my claim moving really fast? – Veterans Compensation …

https://community.hadit.com › … › Veterans Compensation Benefits Claims Research

 

3 days ago – Posted June 22, 2016. I filed a claim for bilateral lower extremity radiculopathy secondary to lower back and the doctor said it was caused by a foot fracture :). The DBQ is on MyHealthVet. I just checked ebenefits and the status has changed to Pending Decision Approval with an estimated completion date 6/28/16 to 7/2/ 16.

Leaderboard – Veterans Compensation Benefits Claims

https://community.hadit.com/leaderboard/

 

Dec 31, 2017 – I submitted PTSD DBQ along with other evidence as a FDC claim. Thanks so much, and I really appreciate all the support from Hadit. Been a long couple of years, but I am so grateful for you guys, and the fact the Military and Govt is admitting what they put me thru. Hope you all have a Happy New Year, and God Bless!!!

MST Claim – I have started the journey – Veterans Compensation …

https://community.hadit.com › Specialized Claims › MST – Military Sexual Trauma

 

May 5, 2017 – My exam is tomorrow… and I just looked at the letter for the C&P and the exam time allows for 2 hours and it has a section for the examiner of “Special clinic instructions”. Services Requested: DBQ PSYCH PTSD initial (1), DBQ Medical Opinion-BH: PSYCH PTSD initial (1), DBQMedical Opinion – BH: PSYCH PTSD Initial 2 …

C&P Exams for Back, Hips and Knees, could someone review and …

https://community.hadit.com › … › Veterans Compensation & Pension Exams

 

Jun 11, 2017 – Back (Thoracolumbar Spine) Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire. Name of patient/Veteran: Is this DBQ being completed in conjunction with a VA 21-2507 , C&P Examination Request? [X] Yes [ ] No. ACE and Evidence Review ————- ———- Indicate method used to obtain medical information to complete this …

LHI C&P exams never received by VA (they say) – Veterans …

https://community.hadit.com › … › Veterans Compensation Benefits Claims Research

 

3 days ago – Hello all. Any idea how to get LHI (contractor) C&P exam results? The VA over the phone says they never received the DBQ’s which have now pasted the due date. Called both places I had the exams at and left a voicemail. The day of exams both places said they would be sent in within 24 hours of exam so I guess they …

Secondary Conditions: How to file? – Veterans Compensation Benefits …

https://community.hadit.com › … › Veterans Compensation Benefits Claims Research

 

1 day ago – The veteran can go ahead and get the medical opinion/DBQ for each proposed secondary condition, with adequate medical rationale and appropriate jargon (” as likely as not”, “more likely than not”, or “due to/caused by”). Once all 3 requirements are met, they could go ahead and file a fully developed claim. If the medical …

History of PTSD in Veterans: Civil War to DSM-5  » HadIt.com VA Disability Claims Veteran to Ve…

Exposure to traumatic experiences has always been a part of the human condition. Attacks by saber tooth tigers or twenty-first century terrorists have likely led to similar psychological responses in survivors of such violence. Literary accounts offer the first descriptions of what we now call posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). For example, authors including Homer (The Iliad), William Shakespeare (Henry IV), and Charles Dickens (A Tale of Two Cities) wrote about traumatic experiences and the symptoms that followed such events.

The PTSD diagnosis has filled an important gap in psychiatry in that its cause was the result of an event the individual suffered, rather than a personal weakness. PTSD became a diagnosis with influence from a number of social movements, such as Veteran, feminist, and Holocaust survivor advocacy groups. Research about Veterans returning from combat was a critical piece to the creation of the diagnosis. War takes a physical and emotional toll on Servicemembers, families, and their communities. So, the history of what is now known as PTSD often references combat history.
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